Small animal archives

2019

January 2019

Resilience in dogs: the importance of early positive socialisation
Building resilience, confidence, and social skills in puppies is essential to prevent behavioural problems later in life. It is important that this begins as early as possible with the breeder and continues with the owner, otherwise critical learning and developmental stages will elapse, writes Rachel Malkani MSc BSc (Hons) LSHC-S CDBC, a PhD student in Veterinary Medicine and Science at the University of Surrey

February 2019

Assessment of the feline blunt trauma patient
In this article, Poppy Gant BVSc MRCVS, Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, Royal Veterinary College, reviews the key steps taken in the physical examination of the feline trauma patient, highlighting common injuries and the approach to their emergency management

March 2019

Cat breeds: the hidden problem of inherited diseases
Pedigree cats are far less widely kept compared to pure-bred dogs, but there are signs that this may be beginning to change, writes Pete Wedderburn BVM&S CertVR MRCVS, Brayvet, Co. Wicklow who details the inherited disorders that are common in these breeds

April 2019

Lipoma in dogs: how common are they and what breeds are affected?
Lipomas are often clinically unremarkable but can be alarming to owners. Although perceived as common in dogs, no studies have specifically investigated risk factors associated with their occurrence. Here, Dan O’Neill MVB BSc (hons) GPCert (SAP) GPCert (FelP) GPCert (Derm) GPCert (B&PS) MSc (VetEpi) FRCVS, pathobiology and population sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, reviews a study, which explored anonymised electronic patient records of dogs attending practices participating in VetCompass to report the prevalence and risk factors for primary-care veterinary diagnosis of lipoma

May 2019

Canine leptospirosis in the UK and Ireland
Leptospirosis is an important bacterial disease of dogs with infection occurring through contact with infected urine. It additionally presents a public health concern due to its zoonotic nature. Collette Taylor PhD student at The Royal Veterinary College discusses the distribution of canine leptospirosis in the UK and Ireland, clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment and prevention

June 2019

Cognitive dysfunction in the ageing pet
Clare Rusbridge, professor in veterinary neurology at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, discusses cognitive dysfunction in the ageing pet, reviewing key points in history taking for the older patient, other means of diagnosis, nutraceuticals for the ageing pet and the latest updates on treatment

July 2019

Heart murmurs in young dogs and cats: differentials, tips and additional testing
Ilaria Spalla DVM PhD MRCVS MVetMed DACVIM, veterinary cardiology specialist, Ospedale Veterinario San Francesco (Milan, Italy) provides a comprehensive overview of heart murmurs in young dogs and cats

2018

January 2018

Ocular manifestations of systemic disease in cats
As the eye can be examined so readily, it is invaluable to be able to recognise ocular signs that can provide an early, rapid diagnosis and accessible evaluation of therapy success, writes Natasha Mitchell MVB DVOphthal MRCVS, Eye Vet Ltd, Crescent Veterinary Clinic, Limerick

February 2018

Cutaneous adverse food reactions in dogs
Cutaneous adverse food reactions account for between 10% and 25% of dogs with allergic skin disease. A successful elimination diet trial is the key to diagnosing these cases, writes Kathryn Cuddy MVB CertAVP(VD) MRCVS, Skinvet Ireland

March 2018

Septic arthritis: diagnosis, management and prognosis
Septic arthritis is an uncommon but potentially devastating condition of small animal patients; Ben Mielke BVSc MANCVS (Surgery) MRCVS and Ignacio Calvo Ldo Vet CertSAS DipECVS FHEA MRCVS, the Royal Veterinary College, UK, outline the common features of this condition and the recommended treatment strategy

April 2018

Approaching the hypercalcaemic patient
Consuelo Alonzi MRCVS and Simon Tappin MA VetMB CertSAM DipECVIM-CA MRCVS, Dick White Referrals, The Six Mile Bottom Veterinary Specialist Centre, UK, discuss the clinical representations of the hypercalcaemiac patient

May 2018

Disease predispositions in dogs and cats: the fuller story
Dan O’Neill MVB BSc(hons) GPCert(SAP) GPCert(FelP) GPCert(Derm) GPCert(B&PS) MSc(VetEpi) MRCVS, senior lecturer in companion animal epidemiology, The Royal Veterinary College, UK, discusses recent research that pulls together all published evidence on known disease predispositions in dogs and cats into a single easy-to-use resource

June 2018

Canine and feline pancreatitis
Harry Cridge MVB, resident in small animal internal medicine and Alyssa Sullivant DVM MS DACVIM, assistant professor in small animal internal medicine, Mississippi State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, present a detailed overview of canine and feline pancreatitis

July 2018

Managing chronic osteoarthritis? It is as easy as A,B,C
As the most common cause of chronic pain in dogs, Stuart Carmichael BVMS MVM DSAO FRCVS, managing director, AIM.OA discusses management of OA

August 2018

How to manage the critical in-patient
Management of the critical SA patient is intensive but can be rewarding, writes Laura Cole MA VetMB PgCert VPS CertAVP (ECC) MRCVS, veterinary specialist-in-training, Royal Veterinary College, UK

September 2018

Canine hyperadrenocorticism –diagnosis
Dr Christine Griebsch DipECVIM-CA, University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Sydney, Australia, discusses diagnosis of canine hyperadrenocorticism in part one of this two-part series

October 2018

Canine hyperadrenocorticism – management
Dr Christine Griebsch DipECVIM-CA, University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Sydney, Australia, discusses management of canine hyperadrenocorticism in the second instalment of this two-part series

November 2018

Novel tools in the assessment of dog welfare in veterinary practice
In veterinary medicine, health status is often equated with animal welfare; however, this measure alone provides no information about the patient’s emotional state and general welfare. Rachel Malkani MSc BSc (Hons) LSHC-S, a PhD student in Veterinary Medicine and Science at the University of Surrey, outlines some of the ways in which dog welfare can be established today

December 2018

Feline urine spraying: behaviours and solutions
Urine spraying is perfectly normal behaviour in felines. However, there are ways to manage and prevent the activity, writes Ellen O’Connor, Clanrye Veterinary Clinic, Newry, and final-year veterinary nursing student at Dundalk Institute of Technology

2017

January 2017

Adverse health consequences associated with canine angiostrongylosis
Adam Shuttleworth and Hany Elsheikha BVSc MSc PhD DipEVPC FHEA FRSPH, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, UK, outline how angiostrongylosis, the cardiopulmonary disease, affects dogs

February 2017

Trematodes in farm and companion animals
The comparative aspects of parasitic trematodes of companion animals, ruminants and humans is presented by Maggie Fisher BVetMed CBiol MRCVS FRSB, managing director and Peter Holdsworth AO Bsc (Hon) PhD FRSB FAICD, senior manager, Ridgeway Research Ltd, Park Farm Building, Gloucestershire, UK

March 2017

Intestinal surgery in small animals – how to prevent it leaking?
Kathryn Pratschke MVB MVM CertSAS DiplECVS MRCVS RCVS, European specialist in small animal surgery, provides a brief historical context for intestinal surgery and explains how we have reached our current recommendations for closing intestinal incisions, as well as addressing the question of how to prevent surgical sites leaking

April 2017

Communicating empathy in veterinary practice
Jantina McMurray DVM and Søren Boysen DVM DACVECC, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada, discuss communicating empathy in veterinary-client-patient interactions

May 2017

Canine pheochromocytoma
Isabelle Desmas, Davies Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, UK, examines the diagnosis and the administering of medical treatment prior to surgical treatment of canine pheochromocytoma

June 2017

Anaemia in dogs and cats (part 1)
Defined as a reduction in red blood cell mass, anaemia can be caused by red blood cell loss (haemorrhage, destruction) or reduced production; RCVS recognised and European veterinary specialist in small animal medicine, Polly Frowde MA VetMB DipECVIM MRCVS explores a logical approach to investigating anaemia in dogs and cats and summarises its main causes

July 2017

Anaemia in dogs and cats (part 2)
In the second part of this article, RCVS recognised and European veterinary specialist in small animal medicine, Polly Frowde MAVetMB DipECVIM MRCVS examines the causes and management of regenerative anaemia

August 2017

Medical management of uroabdomen in cats
Cecilia Stilwell BVMS MRCVS, intern at Dick White Referrals, UK, discusses the treatment of the accumulation of urine within the abdominal cavity following injury to the urinary tract in cats

September 2017

Canine genitourinary carcinomas: where are we now and where are we going?
Katarzyna Purzycka DVM MRCVS, Ana Lara-Garcia DVM MRCVS MSc PhD DACVIM & ECVIM-CA (Oncology) and Sarah Stewart DVM DACVIM (SAIM) MRCVS, Royal Veterinary College Oncology Department, review the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment of canine genitourinary carcinomas

October 2017

Canine spaying: the positives and negatives
Can we make evidence-based recommendations about neutering dogs, asks Kathryn Pratschke MVB MVM CertSAS DiplECVS MRCVS RCVS, European specialist in small animal surgery, UK

November 2017

Small animal point of care ultrasound techniques
The role of veterinary point of care ultrasound in determining the presence or absence of specific pathologies is examined by Jantina McMurray DVM; Søren Boysen DVM DACVECC, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada

December 2017

Management of acute kidney injury in the dog and cat
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease that affects all species; in this article, Laura Cole MA VetMB PgCert VPS CertAVP (ECC) MRCVS veterinary specialist-in-training, Department of Clinical Science and Services,
Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, Royal Veterinary College, UK, discusses the classification and diagnosis of AKI in dogs and cats and highlights the causes of AKI based on their effect on renal function

2016

January 2016

Approaching the dyspnoeic cat in the middle of the night
A logical approach to the feline patient in respiratory distress, including collection of a brief history, signalment information and performing a physical examination, will allow the clinician to localise the pathological process, writes Daria Starybrat DVM MRCVS and Simon Tappin MA VetMB CertSAM DipECVIM-CA MRCVS, Dick White Referrals, Six Mile Bottom Veterinary Specialist Centre, Cambridgeshire, UK

February 2016

Hypoadrenocorticism
A logical approach to the feline patient in respiratory distress, including collection of a brief history, signalment information and performing a physical examination, will allow the clinician to localise the pathological process, writes Daria Starybrat DVM MRCVS and Simon Tappin MA VetMB CertSAM DipECVIM-CA MRCVS, Dick White Referrals, Six Mile Bottom Veterinary Specialist Centre, Cambridgeshire, UK

March 2016

Management of congestive heart failure on a budget
Congestive heart failure can account for up to 38% of all cases of dyspnoea. While CHF can be managed well, with strong evidence for multi-drug therapy, treatment can be a costly exercise and successful management is ultimately often limited by financial considerations. Treatment of CHF is similar irrespective of underlying cause, but a diagnosis can aid prognosis and alter recommended follow-up. Reported median survival times in dogs with CHF are reported to be between 6-12 months, writes Chris Linney BVSc GPCertSAP CertAVP(VC) MRCVS RCVS, advanced practitioner in veterinary cardiology, Cardiology Department, Willows Referral Service, UK

April 2016

Canine appendicular osteosarcoma
What are the different treatment options veterinary practitioners have in relation to canine appendicular osteosarcoma, writes Beatriz Belda, Canadian Veterinary Hospital, Doha (Qatar), Ana Lara-Garcia and Pilar Lafuente, Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, Royal Veterinary College, London (UK)

May 2016

Canine idiopathic epilepsy
Clare Rusbridge BVMS DECVN PhD MRCVS, European and RCVS Specialist in Neurology, discusses canine idiopathic epilepsy

June 2016

Acute ocular chemical injuries: recognition and treatment
Professor Sheila Crispin MA VetMB BSc PhD DVA DVOphthal DECVO FRCVS, Visiting Fellow, Centre for Comparative and Clinical Anatomy, University of Bristol, UK, outlines how to recognise and treat acute ocular chemical injuries

July 2016

Initial triage, diagnosis, and stabilisation of the acutely collapsed dog
Professor Søren R Boysen DVM DACVECC, Veterinary Clinical Diagnostic Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada, outlines why, due to the variation in prognosis and the plethora of underlying causes, an efficient diagnostic work-up is essential to reach an accurate diagnosis of the acutely collapsed dog

August 2016

Wildlife crime: call to action
Globally, wildlife crime threatens biodiversity and sustainable development of communities. Ana Vale, Mike Rendle and Emma Higgs, Veterinary Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, discuss how veterinary professionals can provide medical assistance and raise awareness

September 2016

Bleeding disorders: causes and treatment
Daria Starybrat DVM MRCVS; Joy Fenner BVM BVS CertAVP(ECC) MRCVS;Simon Tappin MA VetMB CertSAM DipECVIM-CA MRCVS, Dick White Referrals, The Six Mile Bottom Veterinary Specialist Centre, Station Farm, Cambridgeshire, UK, review normal haemostasis before outlining the diagnostic approach, therapies and specific causes of abnormal coagulation

October 2016

Common inflammatory liver diseases in the dog (part 1)
The pathogenesis, clinical signs and diagnosis of common inflammatory liver diseases in dogs, is outlined by Daniel Davies BVMedSci (Hons) BVM BVS (Hons) MRCVS, resident in small animal diagnostic imaging, University College Dublin

November 2016

Common inflammatory liver diseases in the dog (part 2)
The second article in a two-part series on management of acute and chronic hepatitis in dogs, is presented by Daniel Davies BVMedSci (Hons) BVM BVS (Hons) MRCVS, resident in small animal diagnostic imaging, University College Dublin

December 2016

Pug health using VetCompass ‘big data’
Dan O’Neill MVB BSc(hons) GPCert(SAP) GPCert(FelP) GPCert(Derm) GPCert(B&PS) MSc(VetEpi) MRCVS, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, The Royal Veterinary College, UK, discusses recent research on the demography and common disorders of the general population of Pugs under veterinary care in England. These results are likely to be mirrored in Ireland